Structure of studies in Poland
Higher education institutions run full-time and extramural. Poland conforms to the guidelines from the Bologna Process in European higher education. The Polish structure of studies has been successfully implemented together with the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS). The European standard in higher education makes it easier for students to obtain recognition of their qualifications in other countries.
Studies are conducted at the level of first-cycle studies, second-degree studies and long cycle studies. Studies can be conducted on the practical profile (more than half of the ECTS points are assigned to classes developing practical skills) or academic profile (more than half of the ECTS points are assigned to classes related to the scientific activity conducted at the University).
First-cycle studies (3 to 4 years which consists of 6 to 7 semesters) leading to the professional title of a licencjat or inżynier. This is the Polish equivalent of the Bachelor’s degree. It is focused on preparing students for future employment or for continued education within a Master’s degree programme. To obtain this degree, students must earn at least 180 ECTS credits.
Second-cycle studies – Master’s degree programme (1.5 to 2 years which consists of 3 to 5 semesters) following the first cycle studies and leading to the professional title of Master (magister, or an equivalent degree depending on the course profile). It is focused on theoretical knowledge as well as the application and development of creative skills. In arts disciplines, the focus is the development of creativity and talents. Master’s degree holders may enter a doctoral programme (PhD). To obtain the degree, students must earn at least 90 ECTS credits.